“We must ensure our system of higher education offers world-class quality for a world class economy.”- Bob Taft.

And we have now landed on the third blog of our series on the reforms happening around our education in the recent context.

check out our previous blogs:


It is argued by many that the true goal of education is not met by our current system. This has given birth to some positive outcomes. We have been conducting research on that topic, and we are excited to share about some of the ideas and concepts we found during our research(well whatever that’s worth sharing).

It’s OBE

But before that, where did this NBA come from??

The theory of Outcome Based Education focuses on the skills and results achieved by the student as the most important aspect of education. According to this theory, the use of assessments, opportunities, and classroom experiences should all provide necessary support for the students to achieve their goals.

There have been attempts to implement this globally for some time now. It is argued by experts that this could raise the quality and worth of education from its current standards. The attempts the implementation these theories gave birth to the Washington Accord(WA). (Check out our blog on Washington Accord to know more about this.) The National Board of Accreditation(NBA) is the signatory body that represents India in the WA.

Let us see what this NBA is, and how it works.


NBA, or the National Board of Accreditation, is an autonomous government body that is responsible for the accreditation of various technical and professional programs of institutions across the country. They also monitor and suggest necessary progressive changes both in and around the curriculum. The NBA is responsible for assuring the quality of education especially professional programs like engineering and technology, management, architecture, pharmacy, and hospitality.

The NBA undertakes the assessment of quality standards, of various educational institutions, and they does that with the help of a well-written objectives and guidelines.

The following are the broad objectives of the NBA

• To periodically conduct an evaluation of technical institutions or programs on the basis of guidelines, norms, and standards specified by it.

• To develop quality-conscious systems of technical education where excellence, relevance to market needs, and participation by all stakeholders are prime and major determinants.

• To dedicate to building a technical education system, as facilitators of human resources that will match the national goals of growth by competence, contribution to the economy through competitiveness, and compatibility with societal development.

• To provide the quality benchmarks targeted at the global and national stockpiles of human capital in all fields of technical education.

These objectives are more like in a general perspective and the thing that most would probably look into will be the different steps in their accreditation program of the NBA. And YES!. We are definitely going to mention the process of the accreditation program. Here goes….

Steps for accreditation

The (any) institution has to go through some steps in order to receive accreditation. They have to fulfill certain conditions put forward by the NBA. And finally, there will be a visit by some authorized personnel from it to assess and evaluate the institution and other deciding factors related to it. The following is about what each has to do in the accreditation process

Accreditation Process Flow- What to do.

•Institution- Complete a Self Assessment Report, evaluate yourself, and bridge gaps that you may find(Leads to improvements in the Institution’s functioning)

•Evaluators during the visit- Initial assessment based on SAR and observations and thereon develop judgments based on evidence.

The Accreditation Criteria

  1. Vision, Mission, and Programme Educational Objectives(PEO).
  2. Program Curriculum.
  3. Program Outcomes(PO).
  4. Student Performance.
  5. Faculty Contributions.
  6. Facilities and Technical Support.
  7. Continuous Improvement.
  8. First Year Academics.
  9. Student Support systems.
  10. Governance, Institutional Support, and Financial Resources.

Self Assessment Report(SAR)

So…All you have to do is to invest some money, build a curriculum and get in touch with the NBA??

It’s not that easy.

The management, of the colleges going through the accreditation process, should prepare a Self Assessment Report regarding the institution and everything about it. It should be submitted before the NBA officials during their visit. The Self Assessment Report is one of the most important parts of the NBA accreditation.

The SAR has four parts.

  • Part I essentially deals with the Institutional Summary. It contains Criteria 1, 2, and 3.
  • Part II deals with Department / Program Summary. It contains Criteria 4 to 10.
  • Part III deals with the Curriculum, Syllabi, Program Educational Objectives (PEOs), and Program Outcomes (POs ) of the Under Graduate Engineering program.
  • Part IV contains the list of documents/records to be made available during the visit.

Its importance actually heightens once we realize that a document like SAR upholds the basic notion of continuous evaluation.

Assurance of high quality education brings hope. Our professional sector is going to flourish as our validity abroad increases. This will provide the opportunity we longed for and this should mean something, right??

We’ll go deeper into the SAR, and everything about it, in our next blog.